CHARTS: flash cards

    Read left to right, then top to bottom
    Each note has a pitch and a duration
        sound, silence, melody, harmony, rythm, and occurs over time.
        cleff symbols
        sharp and flat signs
        key signatures
        time signatures
        slurs and ties
        tempo markings
        dynamic markings
        Normally, each not has a pitch and a time length rythmic duration.
        pitches: low on the staff is low pitch; high on the staff is high pitch
        12 notes per octave; seven with leter names only; 5 in the cracks
        staff has room for 7 leter names per octave; use sharp or flat sign
for other 5
            treble (G clef) all above middle C
            bass (F clef) all below middle C
            C clefs reference middle C: tenor (cello), alto (viola)

        Read time forward, left to right, top to bottom
        Normally, music is counted through time along with a steady beat
        The tempo (rate) of the beat is set in beats per minute (so, set your
        A piece is split into normally equal-sized measures, each normally
            the same number of beats.
        Each measure has a strong beat at the beginning, and weaker beats
after that.
        Time signature is written as a pair of numbers, but not a fraction.  
        The number of beats per measure is the time signature numerator
            (tells you how to count beats in each measure)
        The denominator tells the type of note that equals one beat
        Our designators for notes (whole, half, quarter, eighth, sixteenth)
only make
            sense with time signatures of 4:4,  and 2:2. In other cases, they
            are confusing and not accurate.  Any suggestions?

Music Lessons